Find Language Courses in Canada

Language Courses in Canada

Canada is the world's second-largest country (9 970 610 km2), surpassed only by the Russian Federation. Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories, each with its own capital city. The capital city of Canada is Ottawa, in the province of Ontario. Formally considered a constitutional monarchy, Canada is governed by its own House of Commons. While the governor-general is officially the representative of Queen Elizabeth II, in reality the governor-general acts only on the advice of the Canadian prime minister.

Covering most of the northern part of the North American continent and with an area larger than that of the United States, Canada has an extremely varied topography.

Distinctive features include our vast mountain ranges: the Torngats, Appalachians and Laurentians in the east; the Rocky, Coastal and Mackenzie ranges in the west; and Mount St. Elias and the Pelly Mountains in the north.

The first inhabitants of Canada were native Indian peoples, primarily the Inuit. Norse explorers probably reached the shores of Canada in 1000. John Cabot, an Italian in the service of Henry VII of England, reached Newfoundland or Nova Scotia. Canada was taken for France in 1534. The actual settlement of New France, as it was then called, began in 1604 at Port Royal in what is now Nova Scotia. In 1608, Quebec was founded. France's colonization efforts were not very successful, but French explorers by the end of the 17th century had penetrated beyond the Great Lakes to the western prairies and south along the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico. Meanwhile, the English Hudson's Bay Company had been established in 1670. In 1713, Newfoundland, Hudson Bay, and Nova Scotia (Acadia) were lost to England. During the Seven Years' War (1756–1763), England extended its conquest. The Treaty of Paris in 1763 gave England control.

At that time, the population of Canada was almost entirely French, but in the next few decades, thousands of British colonists immigrated to Canada from the British Isles and from the American colonies. In 1849, the right of Canada to self-government was recognized. In 1885, the country was linked from coast to coast by the Canadian Pacific Railway.

Canada is a developed country and one of the wealthiest in the world. Canada is part of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.