Bulgarian language: all you need to know about Bulgarian Start studying abroad

EU abbreviation: BG


Bulgarian is a member of the South Slavic language family and is closely related to Macedonian and Serbian. It is written using the Cyrillic script and is read from left to right. Modern Bulgarian has an alphabet of 30 letters.

Russian was the language taught at school to Bulgarian pupils until 1989, although many do not speak it, and most prefer not to. English is the most common second language, especially among young people. German and French follow closely, while Italian and Spanish are less popular choices of second language studies.

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Description: Bulgarian alphabet (Bulgarska Azbuka)

Date: 2 June 2013

Author: Vaskots7

URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bulgarska_Azbuka.png


6.8 million people speak Bulgarian as their first language, but there are around 10 million Bulgarian speakers worldwide. It is the official language of Bulgaria and recognised as a minority language in Serbia, Romania and Ukraine. It is also spoken in various places around the world such as Greece, Turkey, Moldova, Albania, and Kosovo.


Julia Kristeva was born on 24 June 1941. She is a Bulgarian-French philosopher, literary critic, psychoanalyst, sociologist, feminist, and novelist. She moved to France in the mid-1960s and is now a Professor at the University Paris Diderot. Kristeva became influential in international critical analysis, cultural theory and feminism after publishing her first book Semeiotikè in 1969.

Julia Kristeva à Paris en 2008

Description : Julia Kristeva à Paris en 2008

Date: April 2008

Author: Photo2008

URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Julia_Kristeva_%C3%A0_Paris_en_2008.jpg

Nikola Yonkov Vaptsarov was born on 7 December 1909 and died on 23 July 1942. He was a Bulgarian poet, communist and revolutionary, who worked as a machinist and only wrote in his spare time. He only published one poetry book, but he is considered one of the most important Bulgarian poets. His engagement in underground communist activity against the government of Boris III and the German troops in Bulgaria led him to be arrested, tried and executed the same night by a firing squad.
Vaptsarov during his time in the Varna Naval Machinery School

Description: Vaptsarov during his time in the Varna Naval Machinery School (: bg: bg: bg:)

Date: between 1926 and 1932

Author: Unknown. Original uploader was Svik at bg.wikipedia

URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Vapcarov_Varna.jpg


Bulgarian Sayings



Lukanka, yogurt, banitsa, shopska salad, lyutenitsa, kozunak, moussaka, gyuvech and baklava are all part of Bulgarian popular cuisine. Macedonian cuisine reflects Mediterranean and Middle Eastern influences as well as Italian, German and Eastern European ones. It is well known for the diversity and quality of its dairy products, wines, and local alcoholic beverages, such as rakija. Serbian cuisine is a heterogeneous cuisine, sharing characteristics of the Balkans, the Mediterranean, Turkish, and Central European cuisines.

The national dishes include pljeskavica (a ground beef patty), evapi (grilled minced meat), and sarma. The national drink is the plum brandy šljivovica.

Description: Pljeskavica - is a patty dish popular in most of the Balkans ()

Date: 20 September 2009

Author: Biso

URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pleskavitsa.JPG


The Bulgarian nation has one of the richest folk heritage in the world. Indeed, ancient civilisations
such as the Thracians, Ancient Greeks, Romans, Ostrogoths, Slavs, Varangians and especially Bulgars, have influenced the culture, history and heritage of Bulgaria. There are many Thracian tombs and golden treasures dotted around the country, while ancient Bulgars’ heritage can be felt in music and early architecture.
Thracian Tomb of Sveshtari

Description: Thracian Tomb of Sveshtari

Date: not available

Author: Nenko Lazarov

URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sveshtari_Thracian_tomb_Bulgaria_IFB.JPG


  • The first digital watch in the world was invented by a Bulgarian. His name was Peter Petrov.
  • Bulgaria is the country with the highest number of natural mineral springs in Continental Europe – over 600.
  • The famous Facebook creator Mark Zuckerberg has a Bulgarian origin and he is named after his Bulgarian grandfather - Marko. His grandfather has emigrated from Bulgaria in 1940.
  • The Bulgarian army has never lost a single flag in battle.


There are various schools in Bulgaria and abroad that offer Bulgarian language courses. Search for Bulgarian language courses now.